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J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2017 Apr-Jun;35(2):106-109. doi: 10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_71_16.

Evaluation and association of serum iron and ferritin levels in children with dental caries.

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Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, V. S. Dental College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.



Iron deficiency anemia accounts for 90% of all types of anemia in the world. Although the prevalence has declined in recent years, it remains an important pediatric public health problem. Iron deficiency has also been associated with dental caries. It impairs salivary gland function causing reduced salivary secretion and buffering capacity leading to increased caries activity.


The aim of the study is to explore an association between dental caries and serum levels of iron and ferritin in children aged 3-12 years. Subjectsand Methods: The study group included 120 children, hospitalized for uncomplicated medical problems. Blood reports were evaluated to determine serum iron and ferritin levels. Dental caries experience was assessed using deft index.


The collected data were tabulated and analyzed using Student's t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficient.


Out of 120 children, 38 children showed low serum iron levels of which 31 children had dental caries and nine out of 15 children in the high serum iron level group showed dental caries. High ferritin levels were seen in three children among which two children were caries-free and only one child had a low ferritin level who also had a positive deft score.


Based on the results, it was concluded that there is an inverse association between serum iron levels and dental caries whereas there is no association between serum ferritin levels and dental caries.

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