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Obstet Med. 2017 Mar;10(1):16-20. doi: 10.1177/1753495X16684708. Epub 2017 Jan 9.

Developing obstetric medicine training in Latin America.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia.
2
Grupo de Investigación en Cuidado Intensivo y Obstetricia (GRICIO), Cartagena, Colombia.
3
Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Gestión Salud, Cartagena, Colombia.

Abstract

Maternal mortality is an important indicator of health in populations around the world. The distribution of maternal mortality ratio globally shows that middle- and low-income countries have ∼99% of the mortality burden. Most countries of Latin America are considered to be middle- or low-income countries, as well as areas of major inequities among the different social classes. Medical problems in pregnancy remain an important cause of morbidity and mortality in this region. Previous data indicate the need for a call to action for adequate diagnosis and care of medical diseases in obstetric care. The impact of nonobstetric and medical pathologies on maternal mortality in Latin America is largely unknown. In Latin America, two educational initiatives have been proposed to improve skills in maternity care. The Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics (ALSO®) was first started to address obstetric emergencies, and subsequently adapted for low-middle-income country settings as the Global ALSO®. In parallel, the Latin American obstetric anesthesia community has progressively focused on improvement of several intrapartum/intraoperative issues, which has secondarily taken them to embrace the obstetric medicine area on interest and join the former initiatives. In the present review, we summarize the available data regarding medical morbidity and mortality in pregnancy in Latin America, as well as the challenges, achievements, issues, initiatives, and future directions encouraging maternal health educators, health care trainers, and physicians in middle- and low-income countries, such as many Latin American ones, to improve and/or change attitudes, if needed, on current clinical practice.

KEYWORDS:

Latin America; Medical education; pregnancy complications

PMID:
28491126
PMCID:
PMC5405942
[Available on 2018-03-01]
DOI:
10.1177/1753495X16684708
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