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Saudi J Biol Sci. 2017 May;24(4):808-812. doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2017.01.004. Epub 2017 Jan 9.

Self-medication and antibiotic resistance: Crisis, current challenges, and prevention.

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Department of Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, School of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, Republic of Korea.
Probionic Institute, Jeonju-si, Jeollabuk-do, Republic of Korea.


The present study aims to explore the crisis of antibiotic resistance and discover more about the current challenges related to self-medication. The current challenges related to antibiotic resistance are unique and differ from the challenges of the past since new bacterial pathogens are involved and continue to evolve. Strains with resistance to multiple antibiotic classes have emerged which the discovery of new antibiotics has failed to match. The consequences of antibiotic resistance are grave with mortality and morbidity continually on the rise. This paper also highlights the possible interventions that can be effective at the micro or individual level in the prevention of development of antibiotic resistance.


Antibiotics; Drugs; Resistance

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