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J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2017 May;15(5):538-556. doi: 10.1111/ddg.13242.

Chronic venous insufficiency - a review of pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment.

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Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University Hospital Münster, Münster, Germany.


Chronic venous disease is a common disorder associated with a variety of symptoms in later disease stages but also with complications such as venous leg ulcer. This, in turn, has substantial socioeconomic effects and significantly impacts patients' quality of life. While there are a number of diagnostic procedures available, color-flow duplex ultrasound has become the gold standard. As regards therapeutic options, major advances have been made in recent decades. Today, there are alternatives to saphenofemoral ligation and stripping of the great saphenous vein, including endovenous thermal ablation techniques. However, treatment selection continues to depend on many factors such as individual anatomical circumstances and disease stage. The following article provides an overview of the anatomy and pathophysiology as well as current diagnostic and therapeutic standards.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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