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J Appl Res Intellect Disabil. 2017 Nov;30(6):1160-1164. doi: 10.1111/jar.12349. Epub 2017 May 9.

Consensus statement of the International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia related to end-of-life care in advanced dementia.

Author information

1
University at Albany, Albany, NY, USA.
2
National Task Group on Intellectual Disabilities and Dememtia Practices, Eliot, ME, USA.
3
University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.
4
Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
5
Nurse Practitioner Consultant, Northampton, MA, USA.
6
Reena Foundation, Toronto, ON, Canada.
7
American Academy of Developmental Medicine and Dentistry, Lumberton, NJ, USA.
8
Catalan Foundation for Down Syndrome, Barcelona, Spain.
9
Geriatrics Consultant, Lee Center, NY, USA.
10
University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland.
11
University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adults with intellectual disability are affected by dementia at equivalent and elevated rates, many surviving into advanced age. End of life care and support considerations come into play among these individuals when most are in the advanced stage of dementia.

METHODS:

A preliminary report summarizing available literature and making initial recommendations was developed by a workgroup, reviewed by all conference participants and then was finalized by the workgroup.

RESULTS:

The International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia produced a report on End of life care in advanced dementia that provides a synthesis statement which encompasses defining the state of advanced dementia, proposes use of palliative care services (including hospice) and recommends special efforts for enabling advanced directives and advance care planning prior to the extensive progression of dementia. The Summit further recommended that when aiding adults with advanced dementia, the following be undertaken: integrative efforts between intellectual disability and palliative care providers, specialized training for carers on end of life care and supports, and involvement of adults with intellectual disability early on in their advance care planning.

CONCLUSIONS:

The Consensus recommendations will ensure greater and more appropriate support at end of life for persons with intellectual disabilities and advanced dementia.

KEYWORDS:

dementia; end of life; intellectual disability; palliative; person-centred; statement

PMID:
28485515
DOI:
10.1111/jar.12349
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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