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Int J Sports Med. 2017 Jul;38(7):560-567. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-101911. Epub 2017 May 8.

Acute Hypotension after High-Intensity Interval Exercise in Metabolic Syndrome Patients.

Author information

1
Sport Sciences, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, Spain.
2
Human Performance and Sports Science Laboratory, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the magnitude of post-exercise hypotension (PEH) after a bout of cycling exercise using high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in comparison to a bout of traditional moderate-intensity continuous exercise (CE). After supine rest 14 obese (31±1 kg·m-2) middle-age (57±2 y) metabolic syndrome patients (50% hypertensive) underwent a bout of HIIT or a bout of CE in a random order and then returned to supine recovery for another 45 min. Exercise trials were isocaloric and compared to a no-exercise trial (CONT) of supine rest for a total of 160 min. Before and after exercise we assessed blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), cardiac output (Q), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), intestinal temperature (TINT), forearm skin blood flow (SKBF) and percent dehydration. HIIT produced a larger post-exercise reduction in systolic blood pressure than CE in the hypertensive group (-20±6 vs. -5±3 mmHg) and in the normotensive group (-8±3 vs. -3±2 mmHg) while HIIT reduced SVR below CE (P<0.05). Percent dehydration was larger after HIIT, and post-exercise TINT and SKBF increased only after HIIT (all P<0.05). Our findings suggest that HIIT is a superior exercise method to CE to acutely reduce blood pressure in MSyn subjects.

PMID:
28482361
DOI:
10.1055/s-0043-101911
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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