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J Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2018 Jan;12(1):e142-e149. doi: 10.1002/term.2439. Epub 2017 Aug 25.

Bio-inspired solute enables preservation of human oocytes using minimum volume vitrification.

Author information

1
Bio-Acoustic-MEMS in Medicine (BAMM) Laboratories, Canary Center at Stanford for Early Cancer Detection, Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA.
2
Center for Infertility and Reproductive Surgery, Department of Obstetrics Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
3
Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
4
Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University School of Engineering by courtesy, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Abstract

The ability to cryopreserve human oocytes has significant potential for fertility preservation. Current cryopreservation methods still suffer from the use of conventional cryoprotectants, such as dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO), causing loss of viability and function. Such injuries result from the toxicity and high concentration of cryoprotectants, as well as mechanical damage of cells due to ice crystal formation during the cooling and rewarming processes. Here we report the preservation of human oocytes following vitrification using an innovative bio-inspired cryoprotectant integrated with a minimum volume vitrification approach. The results demonstrate that the recovered human oocytes maintained viability following vitrification and rewarming. Moreover, when this approach was used to vitrify mouse oocytes, the recovered oocytes preserved their viability and function following vitrification and rewarming. This bio-inspired approach substitutes DMSO, a well-known toxic cryoprotectant, with ectoine, a non-toxic naturally occurring solute. The bio-inspired vitrification approach has the potential to improve fertility preservation for women undergoing cancer treatment and endangered mammal species.

KEYWORDS:

bio-inspired material; ectoine; human oocyte; low level of cryoprotectants; naturally inspired; vitrification

PMID:
28481448
PMCID:
PMC5766438
[Available on 2019-01-01]
DOI:
10.1002/term.2439

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