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J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2017 Aug;26(8):e252-e258. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2017.03.005. Epub 2017 May 3.

One-stage surgical treatment for concomitant rotator cuff tears with shoulder stiffness has comparable results with isolated rotator cuff tears: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
3
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
4
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address: lina2@upmc.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Addressing preoperative shoulder stiffness before rotator cuff repair (RCR) is advocated, but the effectiveness of this approach is debatable. We hypothesized that 1-stage treatment of concomitant rotator cuff tear (RCT) with shoulder stiffness has comparable results with isolated RCT.

METHODS:

Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, the databases including MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Scopus were searched using the keywords of "shoulder stiffness" OR "adhesive capsulitis" OR "frozen shoulder" AND "rotator cuff." Studies that met all the criteria compared the 2 arms of isolated RCT vs. RCT with concomitant shoulder stiffness, received no physical therapy before surgery, and reported data of preoperative and postoperative range of motion (ROM) and functional outcomes after surgery.

RESULTS:

Four level III studies met the inclusion criteria. The non-stiff group (isolated RCT) included 460 patients who underwent RCR; the stiff group (RCT with concomitant shoulder stiffness) included 111 patients who underwent RCR and manipulation under anesthesia with or without capsular release. There were significant differences in preoperative ROM between stiff and non-stiff groups. At final follow-up, there were no statistical differences in all ROM between the 2 groups. There was no significant difference in comparing preoperative and postoperative outcome scores including visual analog scale for pain, Constant, modified American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons, and University of California-Los Angeles scores.

CONCLUSIONS:

Concomitant surgical treatment of nonmassive RCT and moderate shoulder stiffness in 1 stage may have comparable results to the surgical treatment of RCT in patients without preoperative stiffness. Therefore, a physical therapy regimen before surgical intervention may not be necessary.

KEYWORDS:

Shoulder stiffness; adhesive capsulitis; frozen shoulder; one-stage treatment; rotator cuff tear; systematic review

PMID:
28478897
DOI:
10.1016/j.jse.2017.03.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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