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Inflammation. 2017 Aug;40(4):1254-1263. doi: 10.1007/s10753-017-0568-7.

The Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase Inhibitor URB937 Ameliorates Radiation-Induced Lung Injury in a Mouse Model.

Author information

1
Department of Thoracic Oncology, Cancer Center and State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China.
2
Laboratory of Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, Translational Neuroscience Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China.
3
Department of Thoracic Oncology, Cancer Center and State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China. xuejx@scu.edu.cn.
4
Department of Thoracic Oncology, Cancer Center and State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China. radyoulu@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) is a potentially life-threatening complication of radiotherapy. In the current study, we examined the potential protective effects of URB937, an inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase using a mouse model of RILI. Briefly, male C57BL/6 mice received 16Gy irradiation to the thoracic region and then intraperitoneal injection of either URB937 (1 mg/kg) or vehicle every 2 days for 30 days. The extent of the lung injury was evaluated histologically at the end of the drug treatment as well as 3 months after the cessation of the treatment. The data showed URB937 attenuated radiation-induced lung injury and increased endocannabinoid concentration in lung tissue. Treatment with URB937 decreased leukocyte migration and inflammatory cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and plasma at day 30. Histopathological examination revealed URB937 could restore lung structure and restrain inflammatory cell and fibroblast accumulation caused by irradiation in lung tissue. URB937 also decreased radiation-induced pro-inflammatory (e.g., interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α) and pro-fibrotic cytokines (e.g., transforming growth factor-β1) level in lung tissue, as well as lipid peroxidation in the lungs. Mouse survival examined in a separate group of experimental subjects indicated that URB937 could prolong animal survival. Experiments using a mouse bearing Lewis lung carcinoma cells showed that URB937 does not affect irradiation-induced inhibition of tumor growth. These results suggest that inhibiting fatty acid amide hydrolase could ameliorate RILI without compromising the efficacy of irradiation on tumor control.

KEYWORDS:

RILI; endocannabinoids; pulmonary fibrosis; radiation pneumonia; radiation-induced lung injury

PMID:
28478515
DOI:
10.1007/s10753-017-0568-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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