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Sleep Med Clin. 2017 Jun;12(2):167-177. doi: 10.1016/j.jsmc.2017.01.005. Epub 2017 Mar 25.

The Effects of Insomnia and Sleep Loss on Cardiovascular Disease.

Author information

1
Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA; Department of Neurology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address: Meena.Khan@osumc.edu.
2
Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Abstract

Sleep loss has negative impacts on quality of life, mood, cognitive function, and heath. Insomnia is linked to poor mood, increased use of health care resources, decreased quality of life, and possibly cardiovascular risk factors and disease. Studies have shown increase in cortisol levels, decreased immunity, and increased markers of sympathetic activity in sleep-deprived healthy subjects and those with chronic insomnia. The literature shows subjective complaints consistent with chronic insomnia and shortened sleep can be associated with development of diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. This article explores the relationship between insufficient sleep and insomnia with these health conditions.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular disease; Diabetes; Hypertension; Insomnia; Prediabetes; Short sleep duration

PMID:
28477772
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsmc.2017.01.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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