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Clin Perinatol. 2017 Jun;44(2):305-314. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2017.01.003. Epub 2017 Mar 18.

Long-Term Impact of Preterm Birth: Neurodevelopmental and Physical Health Outcomes.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Research Center, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, 3175 Côte-Ste-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1C5, Canada. Electronic address: thuy.mai.luu@umontreal.ca.
2
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Fetomaternal and Neonatal Pathologies Axis, Research Center, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, University of Montreal, 3175 Côte-Ste-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1C5, Canada.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Research Center, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, 3175 Côte-Ste-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1C5, Canada.

Abstract

Preterm birth severely disrupts the normal developmental maturation of organ systems, resulting in lasting adverse effects. High blood pressure, cardiac dysfunction, obstructive lung disease, elevated blood glucose, and mental health problems occur earlier and at higher rates in the preterm-born than in the term populations. Disadvantageous health conditions may have a significant impact on the well-being of preterm-born individuals from childhood through adulthood. This review summarizes the impact of preterm birth on neurodevelopment and on cardiovascular, renal, metabolic, and pulmonary health.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular diseases; Chronic health diseases; Neurodevelopment; Obstructive lung diseases; Preterm birth

PMID:
28477662
DOI:
10.1016/j.clp.2017.01.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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