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Oncotarget. 2017 Jun 20;8(25):41305-41318. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.17181.

A nomogram based on serum bilirubin and albumin levels predicts survival in gastric cancer patients.

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General Clinical Research Center, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210006, China.
Laboratory Medicine, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210006, China.
School of Medicine, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210009, China.
First Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China.
School of Medicine, Yangzhou Occupational University, Yangzhou, 225009, China.


Decreases in serum bilirubin and albumin levels are associated with poorer prognoses in some types of cancer. Here, we examined the predictive value of serum bilirubin and albumin levels in 778 gastric cancer patients from a single hospital in China who were divided among prospective training and retrospective validation cohorts. X-tile software was used to identify optimal cutoff values for separating training cohort patients into higher and lower overall survival (OS) groups, based on total bilirubin (TBIL) and albumin levels. In univariate analysis, tumor grade and TNM stage were associated with OS. After adjusting for tumor grade and TNM stage, TBIL and albumin levels were still clearly associated with OS. These results were confirmed in the 299 patients in the validation cohort. A nomogram based on TBIL and albumin levels was more accurate than the TNM staging system for predicting prognosis in both cohorts. These results suggest that serum TBIL and albumin levels are independent predictors of OS in gastric cancer patients, and that an index that combines TBIL and albumin levels with the TNM staging system might have more predictive value than any of these measures alone.


albumin; bilirubin; gastric cancer; nomogram; prognosis

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