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Am J Physiol. 1988 Nov;255(5 Pt 2):H1254-8.

ATP-sensitive K+ channels are altered in hypertrophied ventricular myocytes.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Wellesley College, Massachusetts 02181.


Unitary K+ currents in single cells isolated from normal and hypertrophied feline left ventricles were studied with regard to ATP sensitivity using patch-clamp single-channel recording. Data were obtained from excised inside-out membrane patches with symmetrical transmembrane K+ concentration [K+] (140 mM) at 22 +/- 1 degree C and in the absence of divalent cations. In the absence of ATP at the intracellular membrane surface, K+ channel activity was observed during depolarizing and hyperpolarizing pulses ranging from 10 to 120 mV from the K+ equilibrium potential. The current voltage (I-V) curve displayed some inward rectification, with slope conductances becoming nonlinear at strong depolarizations. Rectification was particularly pronounced in cells from hypertrophied left ventricles relative to normal. Single-channel conductance determined from the linear portion of the I-V curve was 77 pS in both groups. The channels were blocked by intracellular Ca2+ (1 mM), extracellular tetraethylammonium (TEA; less than or equal to 2 mM) or 4-aminopyridine (0.5 mM); 2 mM ATP produced a total but reversible inhibition. The effect of ATP was to reduce channel openings; conductance was unaffected. The ATP concentration [( ATP]) that induced half-maximal inhibition of channel activity was 75 microM in normal myocytes but was 250 microM in cells from hypertrophied hearts. Rapid channel activation at diminished [ATP] may provide a protective function by maintaining resting potential or promoting vasodilation in hypertrophied myocardium.

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