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Psychol Health. 2017 Nov;32(11):1348-1370. doi: 10.1080/08870446.2017.1324972. Epub 2017 May 5.

Stomaching rejection: Self-compassion and self-esteem moderate the impact of daily social rejection on restrictive eating behaviours among college women.

Author information

1
a Department of Psychology , The George Washington University , Washington , DC , USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The present study examined whether having high self-esteem or a self-compassionate perspective help mitigate the impact of daily social rejection on negative affect and restrictive eating behaviours.

DESIGN:

Following a baseline survey assessing self-esteem and self-compassion, 121 college women completed online daily diaries for one week.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Negative affect and restrictive eating behaviours.

RESULTS:

On days when women reported more rejection, they also reported higher restrictive eating behaviours and greater negative affect. Effects were moderated by self-esteem and self-compassion, such that the lower participants were in self-esteem or self-compassion, the stronger the positive relation between rejection and negative affect and restrictive eating. However, only the common humanity/isolation dimension of self-compassion significantly moderated daily effects of rejection when controlling for self-esteem. Mediated moderation results reveal different mechanisms by which self-esteem and self-compassion buffer against rejections' effects on affect and restrictive eating.

CONCLUSION:

Self-compassion and self-esteem influence the complex impact that social rejection has on affect and restrictive eating. More than other dimensions of self-compassion or self-esteem, remembering one's common humanity can result in a healthier response to social rejection.

KEYWORDS:

SEM; college women; daily diary; restrictive eating; self-compassion; social rejection

PMID:
28475370
DOI:
10.1080/08870446.2017.1324972
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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