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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2018 Mar 7;10(9):7614-7625. doi: 10.1021/acsami.7b03328. Epub 2017 May 5.

Electrospun Silk Fibroin Nanofibrous Scaffolds with Two-Stage Hydroxyapatite Functionalization for Enhancing the Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

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Department of Nanobiomedical Science & BK21 PLUS NBM Global Research Center for Regenerative Medicine , Dankook University , Cheonan 31116 , Republic of Korea.
Center for Nanomedicine , Institute for Basic Science (IBS) , Seoul 03722 , Republic of Korea.


The development of functional scaffolds with improved osteogenic potential is important for successful bone formation and mineralization in bone tissue engineering. In this study, we developed a functional electrospun silk fibroin (SF) nanofibrous scaffold functionalized with two-stage hydroxyapatite (HAp) particles, using mussel adhesive-inspired polydopamine (PDA) chemistry. HAp particles were first incorporated into SF scaffolds during the electrospinning process, and then immobilized onto the electrospun SF nanofibrous scaffolds containing HAp via PDA-mediated adhesive chemistry. We obtained two-stage HAp-functionalized SF nanofibrous scaffolds with improved mechanical properties and capable of providing a bone-specific physiological microenvironment. The developed scaffolds were tested for their ability to enhance the osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADMSCs) in vitro and repair bone defect in vivo. To boost their ability for bone repair, we genetically modified hADMSCs with the transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) via polymer nanoparticle-mediated gene delivery. TAZ is a well-known transcriptional modulator that activates the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Two-stage HAp-functionalized SF scaffolds significantly promoted the osteogenic differentiation of TAZ-transfected hADMSCs in vitro and enhanced mineralized bone formation in a critical-sized calvarial bone defect model. Our study shows the potential utility of SF scaffolds with nanofibrous structures and enriched inorganic components in bone tissue engineering.


electrospun silk fibroin scaffolds; human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells; hydroxyapatite particles; osteogenesis; polydopamine

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