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Gen Dent. 2017 May-Jun;65(3):37-41.

Maxillary canine morphology: comparative and descriptive analysis from periapical radiographs and cone beam computed tomography.


The anatomical characteristics of permanent maxillary canines were evaluated through visual examination, periapical radiography, and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), and measurements obtained from the images and directly on the teeth were compared. Fifty extracted human maxillary canines were classified according to the side of the mouth. The direction of root curvature and location of the apical foramen were also verified. Periapical radiographs and CBCTs of the specimens were obtained. The number of root canals was verified. Tooth length and the mesiodistal and buccopalatal widths of the root were measured directly on the specimens as well as on the radiographs and CBCTs. Data were analyzed by chi-square testing and analysis of variance (α = 0.05). All teeth-26 (52%) from the right side of the dental arch and 24 (48%) from the left-had only 1 main canal each. The apical foramen was located exactly in the root apex in 34 teeth (68%). Root curvature toward the distal side was observed in the apical third in 23 teeth (46%). There were no statistically significant differences between the canines' arch side and either the foramen location (P = 0.104) or the root curvature (P = 0.215). No statistically significant differences were found in measurements of tooth length (P = 0.669), mesiodistal root width (P = 0.517), or buccopalatal root width (P = 0.672) obtained from specimens and images. Both CBCTs and periapical radiographs were reliable for determining the tooth length, mesiodistal root width, and buccopalatal root width of maxillary canines and produced statistically similar measurements.


diagnosis; gingival cyst; oral mucosa; oral pathology

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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