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Vet Microbiol. 1988 Aug;17(4):323-34.

Influence of immunomodulatory agents on bovine humoral and cellular immune responses to parenteral inoculation with bovine rotavirus vaccines.

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Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathology and Microbiology, St Hyacinthe, Que., Canada.


Sodium diethyldithiocarbamate (DTC), mycobacterium cell wall extract (MCWE, Regressin), killed Corynebacterium parvum (C. parvum, Immunoregulin) and muramyldipeptide (MDP) were each combined with purified, live bovine rotavirus and inoculated into 3 month-old Holstein-Friesian calves in order to examine their ability to potentiate specific humoral and cellular immune responses. The vaccinated calves were boosted twice at 3 and 6 weeks after initial vaccine inoculation. The rotavirus was administered intramuscularly either in an aqueous suspension or in a water-in-oil (WIO) emulsion, prepared with incomplete Freund's adjuvant (IFA). DTC and C. parvum were given by the intravenous route, while MCWE and MDP were incorporated directly in the rotavirus suspension. Two groups of calves were also vaccinated either with rotavirus and IFA or with rotavirus emulsified in mineral oil and a mannide oleate compound (MOC, Montanide 888). A control group of calves was given phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) solution emulsified with IFA. The different vaccine preparations were then compared by studying the kinetics of serum rotavirus-neutralizing antibody production and of proliferative response by blood lymphocytes following in vitro stimulation with bovine rotavirus. The results showed that: (1) the bovine rotavirus should be incorporated in a WIO emulsion in order to induce a cell-mediated immune response as detected by the rotavirus-specific in vitro stimulation test with blood lymphocytes, and to produce higher neutralizing antibody titers in the serum; (2) the vaccines prepared with the mineral oil-MOC complex or IFA both induced comparable levels of humoral and cellular immune responses. The use of mineral oil and MOC as adjuvant may be preferred to IFA, because of the facility of preparing the vaccine and of the low viscosity of the resulting WIO emulsion: (3) the addition of MDP to the WIO emulsion prepared with IFA resulted in a higher cell-mediated immune response as determined by the in vitro blood lymphocyte transformation index specific for bovine rotavirus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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