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Zentralbl Chir. 2018 Aug;143(4):425-432. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-104217. Epub 2017 May 4.

[Roux-Y-Gastric Bypass for Morbid Obesity in Adolescents: Is it as Safe and Effective as in Obese Adults?]

[Article in German; Abstract available in German from the publisher]

Author information

1
Klinik für Allgemein-, Viszeral- und Gefäßchirurgie, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, Deutschland.
2
StatConsult GmbH Magdeburg, Deutschland.
3
An-Institut für Qualitätssicherung in der operativen Medizin gGmbH, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, Deutschland.
4
Klinik für Allgemein-Viszeral- und Kinderchirurgie, SRH Waldklinikum Gera, Deutschland.

Abstract

in English, German

BACKGROUND:

Obesity is one of the major challenges of the 21st century. There is also an increasing incidence of obesity in adolescents. Bariatric surgery has been proven safe and effective in obese adults. In adolescents, these operations are still subject to controversy. Current evidence is limited regarding its safety and outcome in this age group.

METHODS:

Within the German Bariatric Surgery Registry, data from obese patients that underwent bariatric procedures in Germany are prospectively registered. The current analysis includes all adolescent and adult subjects that underwent primary Roux-Y-gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery from 2005 to 2014.

RESULTS:

Overall, 370 adolescents (≤ 21 years) and 16,840 obese adults were enrolled. In 2014, RYGB was the second most common bariatric procedure in Germany. In the adolescent group, initial BMI was higher (49.2 vs. 47.9 kg/m2, p < 0.01); the proportion of associated comorbidities was lower (67.8 vs. 87.4%, p < 0.01). Operation time (104.9 vs. 113.0 min, p < 0.01) and hospital stay (5.2 vs. 5.9 days; p < 0.01) differed significantly between both groups. The leakage rate in adults was 1.6%; none of the adolescents experienced a postoperative anastomotic leak (p = 0.04). No mortalities were reported in adolescents; the mortality rate in adults was 0.2%. The mean percentage of excess weight loss (% EWL) did not differ between both groups at 12 (69.9 vs. 68.2%; p = 0.97) and 24 months (72.6 vs. 72.1% p = 1.0). The remission rate for hypertension was higher in the adolescent group.

CONCLUSION:

RYGB can be performed in obese adolescents with lower morbidity and mortality. Despite all limitations of a multicentre registry and the low follow-up rate, the results show that weight change and resolution of comorbidities in the short term were at least comparable to those achieved in adults. The evaluation of safety and efficiency in the long run should now be in the focus of future studies.

PMID:
28472844
DOI:
10.1055/s-0043-104217

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