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Lasers Surg Med. 2017 Oct;49(8):763-766. doi: 10.1002/lsm.22683. Epub 2017 May 4.

Fluorescent diagnostics of epithelial neoplasms of different colon parts.

Author information

1
Department of Pathological Anatomy, Smolensk State Medical University, 28 Krupskoy st., Smolensk, 214019, Russia.
2
Smolensk Regional Institute of Pathology, 27 Gagarina av., Smolensk, 214020, Russia.
3
Institute of micro- and nanotechnologies, Orenburg State University, 13 Pobedy st., Orenburg, 460018, Russia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Changes in the biochemical composition of the tissue during colon cancer progression usually precede morphological changes registered by light microscopy. These changes are very sensitive and may be used for diagnostics in difficult cases, when it is impossible to obtain sufficient amount of material during colonoscopy. The aim of the study is analysis of spectral characteristics of sporadic adenomas and tumors in different parts of colon for improving tumors diagnostics in disputable cases.

DESIGN:

The spectra of fluorescence excitation of histological sections from 78 patients with colon cancer (adenocarcinoma) and colonic adenomas of different localizations were measured.

RESULTS:

The spectra of fluorescence excitation of all types of adenomas as well as adenocarcinoma have two maxima at 260/270 nm and at 330/340 nm. The first maximum is primarily defined by tryptophan and phenylalanin containing peptides, one of them is glucagon. The second maximum is mainly defined by collagen in stroma. Progression of precancer lesions to advanced cancer leads to increase of NADH concentration impacting on the second maximum of spectra. However, spectra of all types of the investigated lesions have peculiarities depending on localization. At odds to the previous data about similarities between distal colon and rectum, our results demonstrate similar spectra for proximal colon and rectum due to some similarities in morphological and, as a consequence, biochemical composition. Tumor can be detected by spectral techniques on histological slides even if the specimen contains very few tumorous cells in stroma.

CONCLUSION:

Biochemical changes and their similarities for precancer lesions and advanced colon cancer have described. Peculiarities of spectral data for different parts of colon may change the previous opinion about similar mechanisms of cancerogenesis for distal colon and rectum. Moreover, investigation of tissue specimen obtained for histological examination and containing lack of malignant epithelial cells in massive stroma does not interfere with analysis due to specific disproportion of spectrum maxima. Lasers Surg. Med. 49:763-766, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

adenocarcinoma; adenoma; autofluorescence; colon cancer

PMID:
28470968
DOI:
10.1002/lsm.22683
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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