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Am J Cancer Res. 2017 Apr 1;7(4):982-998. eCollection 2017.

MicroRNA-1301 inhibits proliferation of human glioma cells by directly targeting N-Ras.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjing 210029, Jiangsu Province, China.
2
Department of General Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese MedicineNanjing 210029, Jiangsu Province, China.

Abstract

Glioma is one of the most common, rapidly progressive and fatal brain tumors, and accumulating evidence shows that microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the development of cancers, including glioma. Therapeutic applications of miRNAs in Ras-driven glioma have been proposed; however, their specific functions and mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we report that miR-1301-3p directly targets the neuroblastoma Ras viral oncogene homolog (N-Ras) and functions as a tumor-suppressor in glioma. Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR was applied to detect the expression of miR-1301-3p in glioma specimens. The direct target genes of miR-1301-3p were predicted by bioinformatic analysis and further verified by immunoblotting and luciferase assays. The effects of miR-1301-3p on the proliferation and cell cycle of glioma cells were analyzed by cell-counting kit 8, colony formation, 5-ethynyl-2-deoxyuridine (EDU) and flow cytometry assays. A xenograft model was used to study the effect of miR-1301-3p on tumor growth and angiogenesis. The expression levels of miR-1301-3p in glioma specimens were significantly downregulated. N-Ras was confirmed as a direct target of miR-1301-3p. MiR-1301-3p inhibited glioma cell growth and blocked the cell cycle to G1 by negatively regulating N-Ras and its downstream signaling pathway, MEK-ERK1/2. Furthermore, the inhibitory effects of miR-1301-3p could be rescued by the overexpression of N-Ras. The protein levels of N-Ras were up-regulated in clinical glioma specimens and were negatively correlated with miR-1301-3p expression levels (r=-056, P=0.0002). In vivo studies revealed that increased levels of miR-1301-3p delayed the growth of intracranial tumors, which was accompanied by decreased Ki67 and CD31 expression. Taken together, our results demonstrate that miR-1301-3p plays a significant role in inactivating the Ras signaling pathway through the inhibition of N-Ras, which may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for treatment of glioma and other Ras-driven cancers.

KEYWORDS:

N-Ras; glioma; miR-1301-3p; proliferation

PMID:
28469970
PMCID:
PMC5411805

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