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Am J Transl Res. 2017 Apr 15;9(4):1943-1955. eCollection 2017.

Histone H3K14 hypoacetylation and H3K27 hypermethylation along with HDAC1 up-regulation and KDM6B down-regulation are associated with active pulmonary tuberculosis disease.

Author information

1
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of MedicineKaohsiung, Taiwan.
2
Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Center for Shockwave Medicine and Tissue Engineering, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial HospitalTaiwan.
3
Division of Rheumatology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of MedicineKaohsiung, Taiwan.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine the roles of global histone acetylation (Ac)/methylation (me), their modifying enzymes, and gene-specific histone enrichment in active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) disease. Global histone H3K27me3, H3K27me2, H3K9me3, H3K9Ac, and H3K14Ac expressions, and their modifying enzyme expressions, including KDM1A, KDM6B, EZH2, HDAC1, and HDAC2, were assessed in blood leukocytes from 81 patients with active pulmonary TB disease and 44 matched healthy subjects (HS). TLR2, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL12B-specific histone enrichment of peripheral blood mononuclear cells was measured by chromatin immunoprecipitation method. We found that Global H3K14Ac was decreased and H3K27me2 was increased in TB patients as compared with that in HS. TB patients with low H3K14Ac had lower one-year survival. Global H3K27me3 was increased in TB patients with high bacterial burden, or systemic symptoms as compared with that in those without the attribute or HS. HDAC1 gene/protein expressions were increased in TB patients as compared with that in HS, whereas KDM6B gene/protein expressions were decreased. Global H3K27me2, HDAC1 and KDM6B protein expressions were all reversed to normal after 6-month anti-TB treatment. TNF-α/IL12B promoter-specific H3K14Ac and TNF-α/IL12B/IFN-γ promoter-specific H3K27me2 enrichment were all decreased in 10 TB patients as compared with that in 10 HS. Among them, IL12B-specific H3K27me2 enrichment was reversed to normal after treatment, while the other 4 remained depressed. In conclusions, H3K14 hypoacetylation and H3K27 hypermethylation play a role in the development of active pulmonary TB disease or its clinical phenotypes, probably through up-regulation of HDAC1 and down-regulation of KDM6B, respectively.

KEYWORDS:

HDAC1; KDM6B; Pulmonary tuberculosis; histone H3K14 acetylation; histone H3K27 methylation; interleukin 12B

PMID:
28469799
PMCID:
PMC5411942

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