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Cult Health Sex. 2017 Dec;19(12):1389-1403. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2017.1316424. Epub 2017 May 4.

Willingness to use short-term oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) by migrant miners and female partners of migrant miners in Mozambique.

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a ICAP, Mailman School of Public Health , Columbia University , Maputo , Mozambique.
b ICAP, Mailman School of Public Health, ICAP , Columbia University , New York , USA.
c HIV Department , World Health Organization , Geneva , Switzerland.
d Provincial Health Authorities , Ministry of Health Mozambique , Gaza , Mozambique.
e Independent Consultant , Gaza , Mozambique.
f ICAP, Mailman School of Public Health , Columbia University , Dar es-Salaam , United Republic of Tanzania.
g The Medical University of South Carolina , Charleston , USA.


Migrant miners from Mozambique who work in South Africa and their partners are at substantial risk for HIV infection. We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the willingness of migrant miners and female partners of miners to take short-term pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for prevention of HIV acquisition. The study was conducted in Gaza Province, Mozambique, between September and October 2015. A total of 131 male miners and female partners of male miners completed a questionnaire. Subsequently, 48 in-depth interviews among male miners and female partners of miners and 3 focus-group discussions (6 participants each) among female partners of miners were conducted. Quantitative data were tabulated using Stata. A structured coding scheme was developed and qualitative data were analysed using Atlas.ti. Most participants (94%) were willing to take PrEP for short-term use. Facilitating factors for willingness to use PrEP were concerns about partner's sexual behaviour, desire for pregnancy and one's own sexual behaviour. The main barriers to PrEP use were concerns regarding side-effects, perceived difficulty adhering to daily pill taking and concern about partner/family disapproval. Overall, participants saw potential barriers for PrEP as minor obstacles that could be overcome. The male partner's influence on PrEP use was significant.


HIV prevention; Mozambique; PrEP; migrant populations

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