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Opt Express. 2017 May 1;25(9):10586-10596. doi: 10.1364/OE.25.010586.

Interleaved single-carrier frequency-division multiplexing for optical interconnects.


In this paper, we propose a real-valued interleaved single-carrier frequency-division multiplexing (I-SC-FDM) scheme for intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical interconnects. By simplifying the encoding structure, the computational complexity can be reduced from Nlog<sub>2</sub>N complex multiplications to N complex multiplications. At the complementary cumulative distribution function of 10<sup>-2</sup>, a reduction of 10 dB and 7.5 dB for the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) of the I-SC-FDM is achieved than that of orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing modulated with QPSK and 16QAM, respectively, when the subcarrier number is set to 4096. We experimentally demonstrate the I-SC-FDM scheme for optical interconnects with data rates of 12 Gbit/s, 24 Gbit/s and 128 Gbit/s transmitted over 22.5-km, 22.5-km and 2.4-km standard single mode fiber, respectively. The I-SC-FDM scheme shows great potential for cost-sensitive and power-sensitive optical interconnects owing to its low computational complexity and low PAPR.


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