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Inorg Chem. 2017 May 15;56(10):5537-5543. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b02524. Epub 2017 May 3.

Discovery of Heteropolytantalate: Synthesis and Structure of Two 6-Peroxotantalo-4-phosphate Clusters.

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Henan Key Laboratory of Polyoxometalate Chemistry and ‡College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan University , Kaifeng 475004, P. R. China.


Polyoxometalates (POMs) of Nb and Ta are greatly different from those of Mo, W, and V that have been studied extensively and developed well. The latter can be formed simply by acidification of their aqueous monomeric oxoanions and has found application areas from catalysis to magnetism, materials science, medicine, and nanotechnology. Even now the polyoxoniobate (PONb) chemistry has accelerated dramatically over the last 15 years, and a vast expansion of available PONbs has been reported. However, after nearly 200 years of POM research, Ta-based POM chemistry is still at its infant stage and only dominated by the isopolyoxotantalate ions (Ta6 and Ta10) and transition-metal-capped Ta6 species, along with two Ti-substituted polyoxotantalates [Ti2Ta8O28]8- and [Ti12Ta6O44]10- reported very recently. In this study, we discover two novel peroxotantalophosphate clusters [P4(TaO2)6O25]12- (1) and [P4(TaO2)6O24]10- (2) by incorporating phosphorus heteroatom into Ta-oxo framework, which represent the first two examples of heteropolytantalate. Interestingly, two P2Ta3 half-units are cis- and trans-condensed in 1 and 2, leading to "open" and "closed" configurations, respectively. These two chemically and structurally related clusters can be isolated in a controlled manner, and the yields are relatively high. Both compounds were characterized in the solid state by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, 31P MAS NMR, FT-IR, TGA, and elemental analysis as well as by 31P NMR in solution. The results presented here provide a strategy to be applicable to other heteroatom-incorporated polyoxotantalates and further expand the phase space for polyoxotantalate chemistry.

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