Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Phys Anthropol. 2017 Jul;163(3):633-640. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.23234. Epub 2017 May 2.

The postcranial skeletal maturation of Australopithecus sediba.

Author information

1
Centre for Global Health and Human Development, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, LE11 3TU, United Kingdom.
2
Evolutionary Studies Institute and Centre for Excellence in PalaeoSciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Wits 2050, Johannesburg, South Africa.
3
Department of Anthropology, Modesto College, CA, 95350.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

In 2008, an immature hominin defined as the holotype of the new species Australopithecus sediba was discovered at the 1.9 million year old Malapa site in South Africa. The specimen (MH1) includes substantial post-cranial skeletal material, and provides a unique opportunity to assess its skeletal maturation.

METHODS:

Skeletal maturity indicators observed on the proximal and distal humerus, proximal ulna, distal radius, third metacarpal, ilium and ischium, proximal femur and calcaneus were used to assess the maturity of each bone in comparison to references for modern humans and for wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).

RESULTS:

In comparison to humans the skeletal maturational ages for Au. sediba correspond to between 12.0 years and 15.0 years with a mean (SD) age of 13.1 (1.1) years. In comparison to the maturational pattern of chimpanzees the Au. sediba indicators suggest a skeletal maturational age of 9-11 years. Based on either of these skeletal maturity estimates and the body length at death of MH1, an adult height of 150-156 cm is predicted.

DISCUSSION:

We conclude that the skeletal remains of MH1 are consistent with an ape-like pattern of maturity when dental age estimates are also taken into consideration. This maturity schedule in australopiths is consistent with ape-like estimates of age at death for the Nariokotome Homo erectus remains (KMN-WT 15000), which are of similar postcranial immaturity to MH1. The findings suggest that humans may have distinctive and delayed post-cranial schedules from australopiths and H. erectus, implicating a recent evolution of somatic and possibly life history strategies in human evolution.

KEYWORDS:

evolution of growth; hominin ontogeny; maturity indicators; postcranial skeleton

PMID:
28464269
DOI:
10.1002/ajpa.23234
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center