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J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2017 Mar-Apr;7(2):71-81. doi: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_512_16. Epub 2017 Mar 29.

Metastasis to the Jawbones: A review of 453 cases.

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1
Department of Oral Pathology, Dental Research Centre, Dental Faculty, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Abstract

The purpose of the present article was to review the characteristics of the jawbone metastases to analyze all variables. A relevant English Literature search in PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar was performed. All variables such as age, gender, primary and secondary tumor sites were analyzed. There were 453 metastatic cases. The male-to-female ratio was 1.2:1, and the mean age of the patients was 53.4 years. The lung was the most common primary site in men, and breast in women. The most common metastatic site was the mandible, and adenocarcinoma was the most frequent histological diagnosis. Metastases to the jaw bones occur in the advanced stages of a malignancy hence; a careful examination of patients with jaw bone lesions is strongly suggested. Dentists, as well as general physicians, should take into consideration the possible presence of jaw metastases in cases which present atypical symptoms, especially in patients with known malignant disease.

KEYWORDS:

Jawbones; metastasis; mouth

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