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Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi. 2017 May 1;56(5):344-348. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1426.2017.05.008.

[The predictive value of dynamic arterial elastance in arterial pressure response after norepinephrine dosage reduction in patients with septic shock].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

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Department of Critical Care Medicine, Wuxi People's Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi 214023, China.


in English, Chinese

Objective: To assess whether dynamic arterial elastance(Ea(dyn))can be used to predict the reduction of arterial pressure after decreasing norepinephrine (NE) dosage in patients with septic shock. Methods: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted. Thirty-two patients with septic shock and mechanical ventilationwere enrolledfrom January 2014 to December 2015 in ICU of Wuxi People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. Hemodynamic parameters were recorded by pulse contour cardiac output(PiCCO)monitoring technology before and after decreasing norepinephrine dosage. Ea(dyn) was defined as the ratio of pulse pressure variation (PPV) to stroke volume variation (SVV). Mean arterial pressure(MAP) variation was calculated after decreasing the dose of NE. Response was defined as a ≥15% decrease of MAP. AUC was plotted to assess the value of Ea(dyn) in predicting MAP response. Results: A total of 32 patients were enrolled in our study, with 13 responding to NE dose decrease where as the other 19 did not. Ea(dyn) was lower in responders than in nonresponders (0.77±0.13 vs 1.09±0.31, P<0.05). Baseline Ea(dyn) was positively correlated with systolic blood pressure variation, diastolic blood pressure variation, systemic vascular resistance variation and MAP variation(r=0.621, P=0.000; r=0.735, P=0.000; r=0.756, P=0.000; r=0.568, P=0.000 respectively). However, stoke volume variation, baseline level of systemic vascular resistance and NE baseline dose were not correlated with Ea(dyn) baseline value(r=0.264, P=0.076; r=0.078, P=0.545; r=0.002, P=0.987 respectively). Ea(dyn)≤0.97 predicted a decrease of MAP when decreasing NE dose, with an area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve of 0.85.The sensitivity was 100.0% and specificity was 73.7%. Conclusions: In septic shock patients treated with NE, Ea(dyn) is an index to predict the decrease of arterial pressure in response to NE dose reduction.


Artery; Elastance; Norepinephrine; Septic shock

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