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Anal Chem. 2017 Jun 6;89(11):5765-5775. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b04800. Epub 2017 May 22.

2D IR Correlation Spectroscopy in the Determination of Aggregation and Stability of KH Domain GXXG Loop Peptide in the Presence and Absence of Trifluoroacetate.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico , Mayagüez Campus, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico 00681-9019, United States.
2
Biofisika Institute and Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, CSIC and University of Basque Country , Bilbao, 48080, Spain.
3
Protein Research Center, University of Puerto Rico , Mayagüez Campus, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico 00681-9019, United States.

Abstract

Trifluoroacetate (TFA) is a strong anion byproduct of solid-phase peptide synthesis. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy can be used to ascertain the presence of this excipient in peptide samples for quality assessment. TFA absorbs as a strong sharp peak (1675 cm-1) within the amide I' band of the spectral region. A peptide sample and the TFA excipient can be studied simultaneously by FT-IR and 2D IR correlation spectroscopies. In addition, these techniques are able to determine the effect of TFA on the stability of the peptide. Herein, we describe the spectroscopic characterization of the GXXG loop peptide (GXXGlp), which is present in KH domain containing proteins. The sequence of the Homo sapiens Krr1 GXXGlp is evolutionarily conserved (165KRRQRLIGPKGSTLKALELLTNCY189) and has been associated with ssDNA interaction and ribosome biogenesis. Our goal was to determine the structural elements present in this peptide and evaluate whether TFA affects the stability of GXXGlp during thermal stress. We observed differences in the molecular behavior of the synthetic peptide in the presence and absence of TFA at various peptide concentrations. Finally, 2D IR correlation spectroscopy was used for the determination of the unfolding process, mechanism and extent of peptide aggregation, and the effect of TFA on the stability of the peptide. This spectroscopic method can be applied to the characterization of any synthetic peptide.

PMID:
28459550
DOI:
10.1021/acs.analchem.6b04800
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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