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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2017 Apr 28. pii: S1499-4046(17)30152-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2017.03.011. [Epub ahead of print]

Feeding and Mealtime Correlates of Maternal Concern About Children's Weight.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI. Electronic address: jmbranch@umich.edu.
2
Appugliese Professional Advisors, North Easton, MA.
3
Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI; Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
4
Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI.
5
Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI; Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI.
6
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine associations between maternal concern regarding their children becoming overweight and two domains of weight-related parenting; child feeding practices and family meal characteristics.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study.

PARTICIPANTS:

Low-income mothers (n = 264; 67% non-Hispanic white) and their children (51.5% male, aged 4.02-8.06 years).

VARIABLES MEASURED:

Maternal concern and feeding practices, using the Child Feeding Questionnaire. Meal characteristics were assessed using video-recorded meals and meal information collected from mothers.

ANALYSIS:

The authors used MANOVA and logistic regression to identify differences in maternal feeding practices and family meal characteristics across levels of maternal concern (none, some, and high).

RESULTS:

Approximately half of mothers were not concerned about their child becoming overweight, 28.4% reported some concern, and 19.0% had high concern. Mothers reporting no concern described lower restrictive feeding compared with mothers who reported some or high concern (mean [SE], none = 3.1 [0.1]; some = 3.5 [0.1]; and high = 3.6 [0.1]; P = .004). No differences in other feeding practices or family meal characteristics were observed by level of concern.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Concern regarding children becoming overweight was common. However, concern rarely translated into healthier feeding practices or family meal characteristics. Maternal concern alone may not be sufficient to motivate action to reduce children's risk of obesity.

KEYWORDS:

childhood obesity; family meals; feeding practices; maternal concern

PMID:
28457715
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneb.2017.03.011
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