Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 Dec;140(6):1572-1579.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2017.04.008. Epub 2017 Apr 26.

IgE sensitization in relation to preschool eczema and filaggrin mutation.

Author information

1
Dermatology and Venereology Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Dermatological and Venereal Clinic, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: emma.k.johansson@sll.se.
2
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
3
Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden; Sachs' Children and Youth Hospital, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.
4
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, and the Unit of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
5
Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
6
Immunology and Allergy Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
7
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Sachs' Children and Youth Hospital, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.
8
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Sachs' Children and Youth Hospital, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden; St John's Institute of Dermatology, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.
9
Dermatology and Venereology Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Dermatology, Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is associated with an increased risk of having IgE antibodies. IgE sensitization can occur through an impaired skin barrier. Filaggrin gene (FLG) mutation is associated with eczema and possibly also with IgE sensitization.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to explore the longitudinal relation between preschool eczema (PSE), FLG mutation, or both and IgE sensitization in childhood.

METHODS:

A total of 3201 children from the BAMSE (Children Allergy Milieu Stockholm Epidemiology) birth cohort recruited from the general population were included. Regular parental questionnaires identified children with eczema. Blood samples were collected at 4, 8, and 16 years of age for analysis of specific IgE. FLG mutation analysis was performed on 1890 of the children.

RESULTS:

PSE was associated with IgE sensitization to both food allergens and aeroallergens up to age 16 years (overall adjusted odds ratio, 2.30; 95% CI, 2.00-2.66). This association was even stronger among children with persistent PSE. FLG mutation was associated with IgE sensitization to peanut at age 4 years (adjusted odds ratio, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.03-3.44) but not to other allergens up to age 16 years. FLG mutation and PSE were not effect modifiers for the association between IgE sensitization and PSE or FLG mutation, respectively. Sensitized children with PSE were characterized by means of polysensitization, but no other specific IgE sensitization patterns were found.

CONCLUSIONS:

PSE is associated with IgE sensitization to both food allergens and aeroallergens up to 16 years of age. FLG mutation is associated with IgE sensitization to peanut but not to other allergens. Sensitized children with preceding PSE are more often polysensitized.

KEYWORDS:

Allergens; IgE; atopic dermatitis; birth cohort; filaggrin; food allergy; peanut; population; sensitization; skin barrier

PMID:
28456621
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaci.2017.04.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center