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Bone Joint J. 2017 May;99-B(5):566-576. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.99B5.BJJ-2016-1064.R1.

When is it safe to resume driving after total hip and total knee arthroplasty? a meta-analysis of literature on post-operative brake reaction times.

Author information

1
Máxima Medical Centre, Dominee Theodor Fliednerstraat 1, Eindhoven, Noord-Brabant 5631 BM, The Netherlands.
2
Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

AIMS:

The aim of this study was to assess the current available evidence about when patients might resume driving after elective, primary total hip (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) undertaken for osteoarthritis (OA).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In February 2016, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane, PubMed Publisher, CINAHL, EBSCO and Google Scholar were searched for clinical studies reporting on 'THA', 'TKA', 'car driving', 'reaction time' and 'brake response time'. Two researchers (CAV and JJT) independently screened the titles and abstracts for eligibility and assessed the risk of bias. Both fixed and random effects were used to pool data and calculate mean differences (MD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) between pre- and post-operative total brake response time (TBRT).

RESULTS:

A total of 19 studies were included. The assessment of the risk of bias showed that one study was at high risk, six studies at moderate risk and 12 studies at low risk. Meta-analysis of TBRT showed a MD decrease of 25.54 ms (95% CI -32.02 to 83.09) two weeks after right-sided THA, and of 18.19 ms (95% CI -6.13 to 42.50) four weeks after a right-sided TKA, when compared with the pre-operative value.

CONCLUSION:

The TBRT returned to baseline two weeks after a right-sided THA and four weeks after a right-sided TKA. These results may serve as guidelines for orthopaedic surgeons when advising patients when to resume driving. However, the advice should be individualised. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:566-76.

KEYWORDS:

Car driving; Reaction time; Total brake response time; Total hip arthroplasty; Total knee arthroplasty

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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