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BMC Psychiatry. 2017 Apr 28;17(1):152. doi: 10.1186/s12888-017-1318-y.

Psychometric properties of the 10-item ruminative response scale in Chinese university students.

Lei X1, Zhong M2, Liu Y1, Xi C1, Ling Y3, Zhu X1,4, Yao S1,4, Yi J5,6.

Author information

1
Medical Psychological Center, Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, #139 Renmin Road, Changsha, 410011, China.
2
Center for Studies of Psychological Application, School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, People's Republic of China.
3
Education Institute, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, People's Republic of China.
4
Medical Psychological Institute, Central South University, Changsha, 410011, People's Republic of China.
5
Medical Psychological Center, Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, #139 Renmin Road, Changsha, 410011, China. jinyaoyi@gmail.com.
6
Medical Psychological Institute, Central South University, Changsha, 410011, People's Republic of China. jinyaoyi@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Rumination increases vulnerability to depression, exacerbates and perpetuates negative moods. This study was aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the 10-item Ruminative Response Scale (RRS-10) in a large undergraduate sample.

METHODS:

A sample of 5,236 university students finished the RRS and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was performed to examine the two-factor structure and the measurement equivalence of the RRS-10 across gender. The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, correlations among RRS, RRS-10 and CES-D were also explored. In addition, gender difference on rumination and the relationship between rumination and depression were further investigated.

RESULTS:

The two-factor model of RRS-10 fit the data reasonably and had acceptable internal consistency and test-retest reliability in Chinese undergraduates sample. And the measurement equivalence of the RRS-10 was acceptable across gender in Chinese university students. Findings in respect of latent means and manifest means revealed non-significant gender difference in RRS-10. Besides, participants with high-level rumination had more depressive symptoms than those with low-level rumination.

CONCLUSIONS:

The Chinese version of the RRS-10 showed good psychometric properties and was measurement invariant across gender in undergraduates.

KEYWORDS:

Depression; Gender difference; Measurement equivalence; RRS-10; Reliability; Rumination; Validity

PMID:
28454569
PMCID:
PMC5410038
DOI:
10.1186/s12888-017-1318-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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