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Am J Health Behav. 2017 Mar 1;41(2):171-178. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.41.2.8.

Diet and Physical Activity in African-American Girls: Seasonal Differences.

Author information

1
USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Diet and physical activity (PA) may vary by season.

METHODS:

Two 24-hour dietary recalls and 7 days of accelerometry were collected from 342 8-10 year-old African-American girls between January 2013 and October 2014. Season was based on time of data collection (fall, spring, winter, summer). Seasonal differences in diet and PA were assessed.

RESULTS:

Mean age was 8.9 years; 53% were low income. Girls with summer baseline data collection reported consuming significantly less 100% fruit juice than those with winter and spring data. Summer dairy consumption was significantly lower than the other 3 seasons for low-income girls. Significantly more desserts were consumed during winter than in spring or summer. Significantly more sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) were consumed during spring and summer for all girls than in the fall. Steps per day for all girls and the low-income girls were significantly lower in summer compared to the other seasons.

CONCLUSIONS:

Higher consumption SSBs and lower steps per day during the summer are a concern, particulary for African-American girls at high risk for obesity. Interventions to address these seasonal differences should be initiated.

PMID:
28452694
DOI:
10.5993/AJHB.41.2.8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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