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Life Sci. 1988;43(16):1313-8.

Endogenous opioids and the growth regulation of a neural tumor.

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Department of Anatomy, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey 17033.


Endogenous opioid systems (endogenous opioids and their receptors) are known to participate in the regulation of tumor growth. The present study was conducted to examine whether [Met5]-enkephalin influences the growth of transplanted neuroblastoma, and to explore the role of other opioid peptides in carcinogenesis. A/Jax mice were inoculated with 10(6) S20Y cells and received daily injections of [Met5]-enkephalin. Dosages of 0.5 to 30 mg/kg delayed tumor appearance and prolonged survival of these mice; antitumor effects were blocked by concomitant injections of naloxone. Daily administration (10 mg/kg) of [Leu5]-enkephalin had no effect on neurotumor growth. [D-Ala2, D-Leu5]-enkephalin and ethylketocyclazocine, ligands selective for delta and kappa receptors, respectively, also did not influence neuro-oncogenesis. These results demonstrated the potent growth inhibiting effects of the naturally occurring opioid pentapeptide, [Met5]-enkephalin, and substantiate reports identifying and characterizing an opioid receptor (i.e., zeta) for which [Met5]-enkephalin is the most potent ligand.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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