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Clin Nurs Res. 2018 Jul;27(6):643-659. doi: 10.1177/1054773817705541. Epub 2017 Apr 27.

Pressure Ulcers Prevalence in the Acute Care Setting: A Systematic Review, 2000-2015.

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1 Al al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan.
2 Swansea University, UK.
3 University of Leeds, UK.
4 Irbid National University, Jordan.


Little is known about the prevalence of pressure ulcer (PrU) in acute care settings. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence rate of PrU in acute care settings and to assess the methodological quality of the reviewed publications. The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, British Nursing Index, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched using the keywords pressure ulcer or decubitus ulcer or bed sore or pressure sore or pressure injury, with prevalence and acute care, for studies published between January 2000 and December 2015. Nineteen publications met our criteria. These reported a prevalence range of between 7.8% and 54% for those using European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel methodology, 6% and 22% for those using National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel methodology, and 4.94% for the study that employed the Torrance system. The likely worldwide PrU prevalence rate range in acute care settings is between 6% and 18.5%. Prevalence rate varies between studies depending on the methodology of data collection. Moreover, the methodological quality of the included studies in the review was variable; therefore, it was difficult to compare the prevalence rate between the studies, settings, and countries.


acute; pressure ulcers; prevalence; systematic review

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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