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Rehabil Psychol. 2017 May;62(2):178-185. doi: 10.1037/rep0000135. Epub 2017 Apr 27.

Posttraumatic stress disorder after spinal cord injury.

Author information

1
Department of Health Sciences and Research.
2
Nursing Department, College of Nursing, Medical University of South Carolina.
3
Research Department, Craig Hospital.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of the study was to identify the relationships of demographics, injury-related characteristics, employment, depressive symptoms, and health events with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among participants with spinal cord injury.

RESEARCH METHOD:

A total of 1,063 participants were recruited from 3 sites in different regions (Southeastern, Mountain, and Western) of the United States. Hispanics and non-Hispanic Blacks were oversampled. Three hundred sixty-nine were non-Hispanic White, followed by 361 non-Hispanic Black, 277 Hispanic, and 56 from other racial-ethnic groups. PTSD was measured by the Purdue PTSD Scale-Revised. All variables were measured by self-report. Multivariate logistic regression models were developed to assess the association between PTSD and multiple variables.

RESULTS:

The overall prevalence of PTSD across all participants was 24.9%, and the mean PTSD score of all participants was 34.7 (SD = 14.6). PTSD was associated with depression, frequency of medication use for depression or stress, number of times receiving medical care because of injury in the past year, and race-ethnicity (lower among non-Hispanic Whites).

CONCLUSIONS:

PTSD was relatively prevalent in this study. PTSD was highly comorbid with depressive disorders and associated with post-spinal cord injuries within the previous year. (PsycINFO Database Record

PMID:
28447808
DOI:
10.1037/rep0000135
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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