Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Appl Physiol. 2017 Jul;117(7):1287-1298. doi: 10.1007/s00421-017-3598-9. Epub 2017 Apr 26.

Comparison of the recovery response from high-intensity and high-volume resistance exercise in trained men.

Author information

1
Sport and Exercise Science, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, 32766, USA. sandro.bartolomei@ucf.edu.
2
The Nat Holman School for Coaches and Instructors, Wingate Institute for Physical Education and Sport, Netanya, Israel.
3
Sport and Exercise Science, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, 32766, USA.
4
College of Medicine, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, 32766, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to compare the physiological responses of a high-volume (HV; 8 sets of 10 repetitions) versus high-intensity (HI; 8 sets of 3 repetitions) exercise protocol in resistance-trained men.

METHODS:

Twelve men (24.5 ± 4.2 years; 82.3 ± 8.4 kg; 175.2 ± 5.5 cm) with 6.3 ± 3.4 years of resistance training experience performed each protocol in a counterbalanced, randomized order. Performance [counter movement jump peak power (CMJP), isokinetic (ISOK) and isometric leg extension (MVIC), isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP), and isometric squat (ISQ)] and muscle morphological [cross-sectional area (CSA) of vastus lateralis] assessments were performed at baseline (BL), 30-min (P-30 min), 24-h (P-24 h), 48-h (P-48 h), and 72-h (P-72 h) post-exercise for each testing session. In addition, endocrine (testosterone and cortisol), inflammatory [interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP)], and markers of muscle damage [creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and myoglobin (Mb)] were assessed at the same time points.

RESULTS:

Significantly greater reductions in CMJP (p < 0.001), and peak torque during both ISOK (p = 0.003) and MVIC (p = 0.008) at P-30 min were detected in HV compared to HI protocol. MVIC was still impaired at P-72 h following the HV protocol, while no differences were noted following HI. Markers of muscle damage (LDH, CK, and Mb) were significantly elevated following both HV and HI (p < 0.05), while cortisol and IL-6 concentrations were significantly elevated at P-30 min following HV only (p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Results indicate that high-volume resistance exercise results in greater performance deficits, and a greater extent of muscle damage, than a bout of high-intensity resistance exercise.

KEYWORDS:

Cortisol; Inflammation; Muscle damage; Performance; Resistance training; Testosterone

PMID:
28447186
DOI:
10.1007/s00421-017-3598-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center