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Int Nurs Rev. 2017 Dec;64(4):544-551. doi: 10.1111/inr.12376. Epub 2017 Apr 26.

Low back pain among nurses in Slovenian hospitals: cross-sectional study.

Author information

1
Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin/Angela Boškin Faculty of Health Care, Jesenice, Slovenia.

Abstract

AIM:

The study investigated the prevalence and factors predicting low back pain among nurses in Slovenian hospitals.

BACKGROUND:

The risk factors for low back pain are physical and psychosocial. Implementation of interventions for reducing low back pain calls for management support, accessible equipment, education, knowledge and risk assessment.

INTRODUCTION:

Low back pain prevalence and incidence among healthcare workers is very high compared to the general population and is a strong risk factor for long-term sickness absence.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study design was utilized. We used validated instruments: Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorder Questionnaire, Stanford Presenteeism Scale and Perceived Stress Scale. The sample included 1744 nursing employees from 16 Slovenian hospitals, ranging from practical nurses, registered nurses, nurses with a bachelor's degree and those with a master's degree.

FINDINGS:

Results revealed a prevalence of low back pain among 85.9% of respondents. Relevant risk factors included female gender, age, length of employment, years in current position, shift work and the number of nurses per shift. In the regression model, factors predicting low back pain included presenteeism with a negative effect on work, presenteeism and maintaining work productivity, inability to control daily life, number of nurses per shift and respondents' age.

CONCLUSIONS:

Future activities should be oriented towards eliminating or reducing risks for low back pain incidents and towards different strategies, guidelines and actions which empower individuals and provide knowledge to manage and prevent low back pain.

IMPLICATIONS FOR MANAGEMENT AND HEALTH POLICY:

Slovenian healthcare system planning needs a national strategy to successfully promote LBP preventive and controlling strategies. Management can plan preventive and curative measures to reduce low back pain prevalence among nursing personnel. Management should also implement policies reflecting research findings.

KEYWORDS:

Low Back Pain; Musculoskeletal Disorders; Nurses; Presenteeism; Slovenia; Stress

PMID:
28444732
DOI:
10.1111/inr.12376
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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