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Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2017 Jun 1;49(6):530-540. doi: 10.1093/abbs/gmx038.

Apelin-13 inhibits lipoprotein lipase expression via the APJ/PKCα/miR-361-5p signaling pathway in THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells.

Author information

1
Institute of Cardiovascular Research, Key Laboratory for Atherosclerology of Hunan Province, Medical Research Center, Hunan Province Cooperative Innovation Center for Molecular Target New Drug Study, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China.
2
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Pharmacy and Life Science University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China.
3
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China.
4
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Cumming School of Medicine, Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Health Sciences Center, Calgary, Alberta, CanadaT2N 4N1.

Abstract

Atherosclerotic lesions are characterized by the accumulation of abundant lipids and chronic inflammation. Previous researches have indicated that macrophage-derived lipoprotein lipase (LPL) promotes atherosclerosis progression by accelerating lipid accumulation and pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion. Although apelin-13 has been regarded as an atheroprotective factor, it remains unclear whether it can regulate the expression of LPL. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of apelin-13 on the expression of LPL and the underlying mechanism in THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells. Apelin-13 significantly decreased cellular levels of total cholesterol, free cholesterol, and cholesterol ester at the concentrations of 10 and 100 nM. ELISA analysis confirmed that treatment with apelin-13 reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). It was also found that apelin-13 inhibited the expression of LPL as revealed by western blot and real-time PCR analyses. Bioinformatics analyses and dual-luciferase reporter assay indicated that miR-361-5p directly downregulated the expression of LPL by targeting the 3'UTR of LPL. In addition, apelin-13 + miR-361-5p mimic significantly downregulated the expression of LPL in cells. Finally, we demonstrated that apelin-13 downregulated the expression of LPL through activating the activity of PKCα. Taken together, our results showed that apelin-13 downregulated the expression of LPL via activating the APJ/PKCα/miR-361-5p signaling pathway in THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells, leading to inhibition of lipid accumulation and pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion. Therefore, our studies provide important new insight into the inhibition of lipid accumulation and pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion by apelin-13, and highlight apelin-13 as a promising therapeutic target in atherosclerosis.

KEYWORDS:

LPL; PKCα; apelin-13; atherosclerosis; miR-361-5p

PMID:
28444107
DOI:
10.1093/abbs/gmx038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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