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Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2017 Jun;44:149-155. doi: 10.1016/j.gde.2017.03.011. Epub 2017 Apr 22.

Prion-like transmission of pathogenic protein aggregates in genetic models of neurodegenerative disease.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, University of the Sciences, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: m.pearce@usciences.edu.

Abstract

A key pathological hallmark of most neurodegenerative diseases is the misfolding of a particular protein, leading to deposition of toxic protein aggregates in brain tissue. Recent data provide compelling evidence that pathogenic protein aggregates have prion-like properties-they self-replicate by templated misfolding of monomeric proteins and spread between individual cells. Studies in genetic model organisms have expanded our understanding of how prion-like pathogenic aggregates propagate in vivo, revealing potential roles for spreading along neural networks and key cellular processes in both neurons and glial cells. These findings and future studies in genetic models will help guide the development of novel therapeutic strategies that directly target the molecular mechanisms underlying these devastating diseases.

PMID:
28441621
DOI:
10.1016/j.gde.2017.03.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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