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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2017 May-Jun;55(3):330-340.

[Tumors of the central nervous system].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Centro Neurológico y Comité de Neuro-oncología, Centro Médico ABC, Ciudad de México, México. alegriamarco@yahoo.com.mx.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

Central nervous system (CNS) tumors constitute a heterogeneous group of neoplasms that share a considerable morbidity and mortality rate. Recent advances in the underlying oncogenic mechanisms of these tumors have led to new classification systems, which, in turn, allow for a better diagnostic approach and therapeutic planning. Most of these neoplasms occur sporadically and several risk factors have been found to be associated with their development, such as exposure to ionizing radiation or electromagnetic fields and the concomitant presence of conditions like diabetes, hypertension and Parkinson's disease. A relatively minor proportion of primary CNS tumors occur in the context of hereditary syndromes. The purpose of this review is to analyze the etiopathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis and therapy of CNS tumors with particular emphasis in the putative risk factors mentioned above.

KEYWORDS:

Astrocytoma; Central nervous neoplasms; Glioblastoma; Glioma; Meningioma

PMID:
28440987
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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