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J Maxillofac Oral Surg. 2017 Jun;16(2):145-151. doi: 10.1007/s12663-016-0934-2. Epub 2016 Jun 29.

Intraosseous Leiomyoma of the Mandible: A Case Report of the Rare Entity and Review of Literature.

Author information

1
Department of Dentistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, 342005 India.
2
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad, India.
3
Department of Dentistry, Government Medical College and Hospital, Sec - 32, Chandigarh, 160030 India.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Leiomyoma is a rare tumor of smooth muscle origin with a very low incidence in the maxillofacial region. Intraosseous occurrence of oral leiomyoma is even rare with involvement of mandible followed by maxilla.

AIM:

The purpose of this paper is to present a case of intraosseous leiomyoma of the left mandibular angle region with the review of literature describing this rare entity. The paper also highlights the need to include this entity in differential diagnoses of jaw lesions.

MATERIAL AND METHOD:

An extensive search of literature was carried out on the Medline-Pubmed and Google Scholar database using the keywords leiomyoma, maxilla, mandible, oral and palate to thoroughly search and collect all the reported cases of intraosseous leiomyoma.

RESULT:

To the best of our knowledge till date only 22 cases of intraosseous leiomyoma have been reported in the maxillomandibular region we represent the 23rd case of the intraosseous leiomyoma in a 36 year old male patient.

CONCLUSION:

Though uncommon but it is known to occur in the jaws therefore intraosseous leiomyoma should be included in the list of differential diagnoses of radiolucent lesion of mandible and maxilla.

KEYWORDS:

Intraosseous; Mandible; Maxilla

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