Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2017 Jun 5;372(1722). pii: 20160130. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2016.0130.

Ecosystem change and human health: implementation economics and policy.

Author information

1
Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA subhrendu.pattanayak@duke.edu.
2
Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
3
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Abstract

Several recent initiatives such as Planetary Health, EcoHealth and One Health claim that human health depends on flourishing natural ecosystems. However, little has been said about the operational and implementation challenges of health-oriented conservation actions on the ground. We contend that ecological-epidemiological research must be complemented by a form of implementation science that examines: (i) the links between specific conservation actions and the resulting ecological changes, and (ii) how this ecological change impacts human health and well-being, when human behaviours are considered. Drawing on the policy evaluation tradition in public economics, first, we present three examples of recent social science research on conservation interventions that affect human health. These examples are from low- and middle-income countries in the tropics and subtropics. Second, drawing on these examples, we present three propositions related to impact evaluation and non-market valuation that can help guide future multidisciplinary research on conservation and human health. Research guided by these propositions will allow stakeholders to determine how ecosystem-mediated strategies for health promotion compare with more conventional biomedical prevention and treatment strategies for safeguarding health.This article is part of the themed issue 'Conservation, biodiversity and infectious disease: scientific evidence and policy implications'.

KEYWORDS:

conservation economics; cost–benefit analysis; impact evaluation; implementation science; non-market valuation; policy analysis

PMID:
28438919
PMCID:
PMC5413878
DOI:
10.1098/rstb.2016.0130
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center