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Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2017 May;27:61-67. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2017.03.004. Epub 2017 Apr 1.

Effects of prenatal music stimulation on fetal cardiac state, newborn anthropometric measurements and vital signs of pregnant women: A randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Nurse at Rafael Mendez Hospital, Lorca, Murcia, Spain; University of Lorca, Lorca, Murcia, Spain. Electronic address: jessyka_gg@hotmail.com.
2
Professor at the University of Almería, Lorca, Murcia, Spain.
3
Midwife at Rafael Mendez Hospital, Lorca, Murcia, Spain.
4
Professor at the University of Almería, Lorca, Murcia, Spain; Andalusian Council of Health at Almeria Province, Almería, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Music has been used for medicinal purposes throughout history due to its variety of physiological, psychological and social effects.

OBJECTIVE:

To identify the effects of prenatal music stimulation on the vital signs of pregnant women at full term, on the modification of fetal cardiac status during a fetal monitoring cardiotocograph, and on anthropometric measurements of newborns taken after birth.

MATERIAL AND METHOD:

A randomized controlled trial was implemented. The four hundred and nine pregnant women coming for routine prenatal care were randomized in the third trimester to receive either music (n = 204) or no music (n = 205) during a fetal monitoring cardiotocograph. All of the pregnant women were evaluated by measuring fetal cardiac status (basal fetal heart rate and fetal reactivity), vital signs before and after a fetal monitoring cardiotocograph (maternal heart rate and systolic and diastolic blood pressure), and anthropometric measurements of the newborns were taken after birth (weight, height, head circumference and chest circumference).

RESULTS:

The strip charts showed a significantly increased basal fetal heart rate and higher fetal reactivity, with accelerations of fetal heart rate in pregnant women with music stimulation. After the fetal monitoring cardiotocograph, a statistically significant decrease in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and heart rate in women receiving music stimulation was observed.

CONCLUSION:

Music can be used as a tool which improves the vital signs of pregnant women during the third trimester, and can influence the fetus by increasing fetal heart rate and fetal reactivity.

KEYWORDS:

Fetal heart rate and anthropometric measurements; Full-term pregnant women; Music therapy; Prenatal; Vital signs

PMID:
28438283
DOI:
10.1016/j.ctcp.2017.03.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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