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Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2017 May;27:1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2016.12.002. Epub 2016 Dec 23.

Yoga during pregnancy: The effects on labor pain and delivery outcomes (A randomized controlled trial).

Author information

1
Faculty School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Nursing Research Institute, Iran University of Medical Science, Iran.
2
MSc of Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Electronic address: f.sheikhan@yahoo.com.
3
Department of Statistics, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4
MSc of Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
5
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Comprehensive Woman Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
6
Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Science, Iran.
7
Director of Graduate Programs Decker School of Nursing, Binghamton, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effects of an antenatal yoga program on perceived maternal labor pain and delivery outcomes.

MATERIAL & METHODS:

This randomized control trial was conducted with sixty primiparous women, aged 18-35 years old, who were randomly assigned to either an antenatal yoga program or control groups. Labor pain and discomfort level of the participants were measured using a Visual Analogue Scale at cervical dilatation of 3-4 c and at 2 and 4 h after the initial measurement. Demographic and obstetrical information were collected. The antenatal yoga program consisted of a 1-h supervised yoga class, three times a weekly, starting at 26 weeks gestation. .

RESULTS:

Participants in control group reported higher pain intensity compared to experimental group at 3-4 cm of dilatation (p = 0.01) and at 2 h after the first and the second measurements (p = 0.000). Mothers in the antenatal intervention group that completed the yoga class required a decreased frequency of labor induction in comparison with control group (p = 0.008). In addition, mode of delivery of the intervention group resulted in a lower percentage of cesarean section than control group (p = 0.002). Lastly, the intervention group experienced a shorter duration of the second and third stages of labor. Interval level data was analyzed by using an independent t-test and chi-square.

CONCLUSION:

Yoga during pregnancy may contribute to a reduction pain of labor and improved adequacy of childbirth.

KEYWORDS:

Delivery outcomes; Labor pain; Yoga

PMID:
28438273
DOI:
10.1016/j.ctcp.2016.12.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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