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Traffic Inj Prev. 2017 Aug 18;18(6):585-592. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2017.1293823. Epub 2017 Feb 13.

Social and hospital costs of patients admitted to a university hospital in Brazil due to motorcycle crashes.

Author information

1
a Hospital das Clínicas , Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology , São Paulo , Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study aimed to investigate the social and hospital costs of patients treated at a public hospital who were motorcycle crash victims.

METHOD:

This prospective study was on 68 motorcycle riders (drivers or passengers), who were followed up from hospital admission to 6 months after the crash. A questionnaire covering quantitative and qualitative questions was administered.

RESULTS:

Motorcycle crash victims were responsible for 12% of the institution's hospital admissions; 54.4% were young (18-28 years of age); 92.6% were the drivers; 91.2% were male; and 50% used their motorcycles as daily means of transportation. Six months afterward, 94.1% needed help from someone; 83.8% had changed their family dynamics; and 73.5% had not returned to their professional activities. Among the injuries, 94.7% had some type of fracture, of which 53.5% were exposed fractures; 35.3% presented temporary sequelae; and 32.4% presented permanent sequelae. They used the surgical center 2.53 times on average, with a mean hospital stay of 18 days. The per capita hospital cost of these victims' treatment was US$17,481.50.

CONCLUSION:

The social and hospital costs were high, relative to the characteristics of a public institution. Temporary or permanent disability caused changes to family dynamics, as shown by the high numbers of patients who were still away from their professional activities more than 6 months afterward.

KEYWORDS:

Crash; motorcycle; sequelae; social and hospital costs

PMID:
28436733
DOI:
10.1080/15389588.2017.1293823
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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