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J Adv Prosthodont. 2017 Apr;9(2):93-98. doi: 10.4047/jap.2017.9.2.93. Epub 2017 Apr 6.

Analysis of the width ratio and wear rate of maxillary anterior teeth in the Korean population.

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1
Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to compare the width ratio of maxillary anterior teeth according to age in the Korean population and to evaluate the maxillary central incisor width-to-length (W/L) ratio, given differences in age and gender.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Ninety-three Korean adults were divided into 3 groups (n = 31) by age. Group I was 20 - 39 years old, Group II was 40 - 59 years old, and Group III was over 60 years of age. After taking an impression and a cast model of the maxillary arch, the anterior teeth width ratio and central incisor W/L ratio were calculated from standard digital images of the cast models using a graph paper with a digital single lens reflex (DSLR) camera. The calculated ratios were compared among all groups and central incisor W/L ratio were analyzed according to age and gender. All comparative data were statistically analyzed with one-sample t-tests, one-way ANOVAs with Tukey tests, and independent t-tests.

RESULTS:

No significant differences in maxillary anterior teeth ratios were found among the age groups. The maxillary central incisor W/L ratios in Group III were the greatest and were significantly higher than those in the other groups. The central incisor W/L ratio of men was higher than that of women in Group II.

CONCLUSION:

Maxillary anterior teeth width ratios were similar in all age groups in the Korean population. The maxillary central incisor was observed as worn teeth in the group over 60 years of age, and a significant difference between genders was found in 40 to 50 year olds.

KEYWORDS:

Anterior teeth width ratio; Anterior tooth analysis; Korean anterior teeth; Maxillary central incisor; Width-to-length ratio

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