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J Pharmacol Sci. 2017 Apr;133(4):203-213. doi: 10.1016/j.jphs.2016.12.005. Epub 2017 Feb 8.

β-Aminoisobutyric acid ameliorates the renal fibrosis in mouse obstructed kidneys via inhibition of renal fibroblast activation and fibrosis.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210029, China.
2
Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210029, China.
3
Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210029, China. Electronic address: binbinnj@njmu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Renal fibrosis is a hallmark feature of chronic kidney disease, which is reflected by proliferation and migration of interstitial fibroblasts and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. β-Aminoisobutyric acid (BAIBA) is recently demonstrated to exert a protective role from metabolic diseases. However, whether and how BAIBA on fibroblast activation and renal fibrosis response to angiotensin II (Ang II) remains largely obscure. Herein, we showed that BAIBA significantly depressed the proliferation and migration of NRK-49F cells in vitro. Treatment with Ang II remarkably up-regulated the expressions of fibronectin (FN), collagen 1 (COL 1), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), interleukin-17 (IL-17) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX2)-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in cultured NRK-49F cells. Pretreatment with BAIBA almost blocked Ang II-induced ECM production and IL-17-mediated oxidative stress in NRK-49F cells. BAIBA treatment ameliorates fibroblasts activation and renal fibrosis in rat obstructed kidneys involving inhibition of Ang II/IL-17/ROS signaling transduction, which may be considered as a therapeutic candidate for fibrosis-related diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Angiotensin II; Extracellular matrix; Interleukin-17; Reactive oxygen species; β-Aminoisobutyric acid

PMID:
28433566
DOI:
10.1016/j.jphs.2016.12.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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