Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Mech Ageing Dev. 2017 Jun;164:61-66. doi: 10.1016/j.mad.2017.04.004. Epub 2017 Apr 18.

Telomere shortening during aging: Attenuation by antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents.

Author information

1
Engage Global, San Rafael, CA 94903, United States.
2
Acacia Home Health, Fountain Valley, CA 92708, United States.
3
Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-1830, United States. Electronic address: scbondy@uci.edu.

Abstract

Telomeres are a repeated sequence -of bases found at the ends of chromosomes. In humans, this sequence is TTAGGG, which is repeated over 2000 times. Telomeres protect the ends chromosomes from fusion with nearby chromosomes, and allow effective replication of DNA. Each time a cell divides, 25-200 base pairs are lost from the terminal sequence of chromosomes. By becoming truncated during cell division, telomeres protect essential genes from being shortened and thus inactivated. In addition, telomeres are sensitive to inflammation and oxidative stress, which can further promote telomere shortening. Reduction in the length of telomeres leads to the cessation of cell division and thus cellular senescence and apoptosis. This review discusses evidence for the role of oxidative stress and inflammation in regulating the length of telomeres in mammalian cells during senescence. Evidence is presented suggesting that antioxidants and anti-inflammatories can reduce the pace of shortening of telomere length during aging. The distinctive properties of transformed cells suggest that treatment with such materials will have a deleterious rather than a protective effect on such abnormal cells.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; Anti-inflammatories; Antioxidants; Inflammation; Oxidative stress; Pro-inflammatory cytokines; Reactive oxygen species; Telomere; Telomere length

PMID:
28431907
DOI:
10.1016/j.mad.2017.04.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center