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Sci Total Environ. 2017 Oct 15;596-597:147-157. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.04.073. Epub 2017 Apr 18.

Reconstruction of microbial community structures as evidences for soil redox coupled reductive dechlorination of PCP in a mangrove soil.

Author information

1
Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Agricultural Resources and Environment, Hangzhou 310058, China.
2
Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Agricultural Resources and Environment, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address: yhe2006@zju.edu.cn.

Abstract

The aim was to investigate the influence of pentachlorophenol (PCP) on the soil microbial communities and the coupled mechanism between PCP reductive dechlorination and soil redox under anaerobic condition. Accordingly, a slurry incubation experiment was carried out in which bacterial and archaeal communities were detected by MiSeq amplicon sequencing. The original microbial community balance was gradually disrupted and new microbial structure was reconstructed subsequently through self-regulation and acclimation during PCP transformation, coupling with the changes of soil biogeochemical redox dynamics. The phylum Bacteroidetes predominated during the earlier PCP dechlorination period and then was progressively replaced by Proteobacteria and Firmicutes groups when PCP was mostly transformed into 2,3,4,5-TeCP and 3,4,5-TCP. Heatmap and hierarchical cluster analysis revealed the Clostridium-like, Geobacter-like and Dehalococcoides-like organisms enriched concurrently during PCP reductive dechlorination processes. The relative abundance changes of the redox-active microorganisms, together with their relevance to the corresponding biogeochemical redox processes, showed that PCP dechlorination, Fe(III) and SO42- reduction, as well as methanogenesis were coupled terminal electron accepting processes. The combined analysis of the microbial function, the affinity for substrates (H2 and acetate) and the sensitivity for PCP toxicity by microorganisms might explain why electron transport chain has changed in soil biogeochemical redox process. Our study offers a comprehensive description of the impact of PCP on the soil microbial community structures, which could be very useful for understanding the regulation of soil nutrient and energy transfer during biogeochemical cycling processes in soils with significant inputs of exogenous pollutants.

KEYWORDS:

Electron transfer; Microbial community; Pentachlorophenol; Redox process; Reductive dechlorination

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